The ENABLING initiative is actually originated by the awareness that Europe bears a significant potential to create, develop, manage and exploit innovative supply chains in the field. A quick overview of the European situation (current state of the art in the participating countries and regions) shows that knowledge and innovation capacities are there. However, such potential lies unexploited due to a lack of “enabling conditions” within the regional or national contexts.
State of art of Biobased economy and Biomass exploitation in ENABLING Countries. The EU countries contribute to the bioeconomy development where biomass plays a key role in order to reduce climate change effects. Nowadays, sustainable use of the biomass was mainly focusing toward bioenergy sector. Despite several combination of premium tariffs, tender schemes and FiT - feed-in tariffs adopted by several EU Countries, the biomass is less contributing to the renewable energy production in several national energy balances, with result to being a RES less competitive if compared with other renewable energy sources7 (i.e. Off-Shore Wind, Solar, Hydropower). Rapid expansion of certain technologies caused the share of energy from solid renewables (including wood and renewable waste) to decrease from 61 % in 1990 to 40 % in 2014, with increasing of 21% of unused biomass during latest 25 years.
Despite part of the biomass waste is decreasing in several EU Countries (around 8.000.000 tons/y in Enabling EU Countries) , most of it could be used to support BBP growth, especially in the south-east countries where the policy is focused to generate employment by using exploitation of rural biomass. The total amount of sustainable raw material for BBP products could increasing if biomass residual deriving from agro-industrial waste would be considered.